Immerse yourself in the enthralling tale of Elphaba, the vibrant green-colored witch who dares to challenge societal norms and defy expectations.

This contemporary icon, often misunderstood and vilified, serves as an emblem of social justice, fighting against oppression and prejudice.

In this post, we will trace the character's roots, from her humble beginnings in L. Frank Baum's Land of Oz, to her mesmerizing portrayal in the renowned musical Wicked.

Gregory Maguire created an alternate history of the Land of Oz in his Wicked series of books.

Elphaba made her first appearance in... 👇

Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West a novel by Gregory Maguire, reimagining her as a far more complex and sympathetic character than Frank Baum's original Witch portrayal.

The book and Broadway Musical version, Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, features Elphaba Thropp as the central character. She is a young woman born with green colored skin and the story follows her journey long before Dorothy arrives in Oz.

This modern rendition gave her infamous name and green skin. Elphaba's story truly became a cultural phenomenon through the phenomenal success of Wicked, a Tony Award-winning musical that has captured the hearts of audiences worldwide.

Margaret Hamilton and Oscar the Grouch in 1976 - Wikipedia

But she was not the only Wicked Witch to have green-colored skin. According to Wikipedia, in the 1939 version of The Wizard of Oz, Margaret Hamilton plays the Wicked Witch of the West as a green-skinned witch dressed in a long black dress with a black pointed hat was the main antagonist in the film.

But I digress...

Who is Elphaba?

At first glance, one might assume Elphaba to be a conventional antagonist. With her green-colored skin and infamous title, it's no wonder she is often presumed wicked.

However, beneath her emerald exterior lies a fiercely determined woman, equipped with a strong will and unyielding spirit.

Elphaba defies the expectations placed upon her, refusing to bend to society's will and using her powerful voice to promote justice and independence. It is her rebellion and tenacity that endure, making her a symbol of social justice and misunderstood oppression.

WickedtheMusical.com

The Green Enigma

Perhaps one of the most intriguing aspects of Elphaba's character is her curious verdant hue.

While it may seem a mere quirk at first, the color green has a long and storied history of representing envy and illness in literature. From Shakespeare's Othello to Dostoevsky's Raskolnikov, countless characters have fallen victim to the 'green-eyed monster' of jealousy, condemning them to a life of misery and heartache.

In Elphaba's case, her green-colored skin is both a curse and a blessing - a mark of distinction that sets her apart from the ordinary and allows her to defy societal norms.

Gregory Maguire originally introduced Elphaba in his novel with her green-colored skin as she was born with this striking feature. But despite her enchanting emerald hue, society refused to accept her for the person she truly was. The cruelty and outright rejection she faced only served to fuel her tempestuous spirit as a young Witch and created the 'Wicked Witch' we all know today.

Idina Menzel as Elphaba in Wicked - Pinterest

In essence, it was not her natural-born green skin that turned Elphaba into an evil Wicked Witch; rather, it was the way others reacted to it - the judgments, the scorn, the fear. These factors pushed her to challenge the status quo and carve out a legacy that would live on through the generations, positioning her as an enigmatic yet powerful representation of social justice - she's still the bad guy in her own story.

Connecting with Elphaba's Tale

Laughter, tears, and countless gasps have been shared as audiences connect with Elphaba's journey from outcast to icon. Like a well-worn fairy tale, we've all come to know and love Wicked's tale of a young girl who dares to defy gravity and stand up against injustice.

But beyond the mesmerizing music and dazzling costumes lies a deeper truth - a reminder that we are all capable of making a difference, no matter our differences.

Elphaba's tale serves as an inspiring reminder that we can all be agents of change and strive to make the world a better place.

Willemijn Verkaik as Elphaba in Wicked - Pinterest

Wicked Witch Elphaba's Legacy

Elphaba has become a true icon and one of our most beloved characters. Her iconic green skin and unyielding spirit have captivated the world, and her story continues to inspire us even today.

Her legacy will likely remain a significant part of our culture's landscape for years to come.

Her character serves as an example that no matter how different you may be, you can still make a positive difference in the world. So remember: be brave, stand up for what is right, and never be afraid to stand out from the crowd.

Elphaba’s legacy lives on in all of us, and it is up to us to keep her spirit alive.

We can use Elphaba as a source of strength and courage - a reminder that our differences should not be feared but celebrated.  Let’s make sure we honor her legacy, and our own, by living our lives with courage and integrity.

How We Choose

So, don't be afraid to take the green road less traveled - you may just discover something magical! And we did just that, by reading the reviews, to bring you this fabulous list for you to enjoy today.

Wishing you courage and strength on your own unique journey - may Elphaba's story be an inspiration to all. After all, in the words of the musical:

Thank you, Elphaba - for reminding us that it is never too late to do the right thing. You will always be remembered!


🧙🏻
We hope you find unique gifts for birthdays, holidays, or any day from the list below! Each product was independently selected by us, and all opinions are our own. Oh, and FYI — StrangeReviewers may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page (at no additional cost to you) if you decide to buy something (that's how we stay in business and for that, we thank you). Reviews have been edited for length and clarity.


Enjoy the Best Wicked Witch of the West Gifts!

This listicle is all about Elphaba - the Wicked Witch of the West. You won't find the Tin Man, the Scarecrow, the Cowardly Lion, Dorothy Gale, Uncle Henry, Aunt Em, and especially you won't find Glinda the Good Witch, or the yellow brick road.



Best Elphaba Cardboard Cutout - The Wicked Witch of the West is Melting

Cardboard People the Wicked Witch of the West Melting Life Size Cardboard Cutout (Margaret Hamilton) Standup - The Wonderful Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary (1939 Film) Fairy Tales

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Why We Picked It

Introducing the Margaret Hamilton Inspired Wicked Witch of the West from the Wonderful Wizard of Oz Cardboard Cutout!

It's a stunning piece of art that will take you back to the wonderful world of Oz.

This enchanting cardboard cutout is a must-have for any fan of the classic movie or those looking to add a unique touch to their home décor.

Crafted with intricate details and high-quality materials, this cardboard cutout perfectly captures the likeness of Margaret Hamilton's iconic character in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as she's melting!

From the flowing dress to the pointed hat and broomstick, every detail has been carefully replicated to make this cardboard cutout a true one-of-a-kind masterpiece.

But this is much more than just a work of art.

It serves as a reminder of the beloved story that has captured hearts for generations. Display it in your living room, bedroom, or office, and let it transport you to the land of the Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

The attention to detail and the unique design of the Wicked Witch of the West melting sets this apart. And the resemblance to Margaret Hamilton's character is uncanny and will surely be a conversation starter among friends and family.

Get your Margaret Hamilton cardboard cutout and add a touch of magic to your home décor today. It also makes for a great gift for any Oz fan or collector.

Don't miss out on this one-of-a-kind masterpiece! Order now on Amazon.


Best Elphaba Rubber Duck - The Wicked Witch of the West & Monkey

CelebriDucks Infamous Wicked Witch of the West - Premium Bath Toy Collectible - Fantasy Movie Themed - Perfect Present for Collectors, Celebrity Fans, Music, and Movie Enthusiasts

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Why We Picked It

Introducing the Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the West Celebriduck, a playful and unique interpretation of the classic movie villain.

This Wicked Witch of the West collectible rubber duck is must-have any fan of Oz or rubber duck enthusiasts.

The Wicked Witch Celebriduck is crafted with high-quality materials and attention to detail, making it the perfect addition to any rubber duck collection. Standing 4 inches tall, this figurine features the iconic green skin and black hat of the Wicked Witch, along with her broomstick, a playful smirk, and a flying monkey.

But this Wicked Witch rubber duck is much more than just a figurine. It's designed to float in water, making bath time or pool time more fun and exciting. The durable rubber material ensures that this duck will withstand hours of playtime without losing its shape or color.

Another unique feature of this Wicked Witch rubber duck is its collectability. The Wicked Witch of the West Celebriduck is part of the Celebriducks series, which features rubber ducks inspired by popular movies, TV shows, and celebrities. Collect them all and display them proudly on your shelves or in your bathroom.

Overall, the Wicked Witch Celebriduck is a fun and playful addition to any rubber duck collection. Its attention to detail, durability, and collectability make it a must-have for any fan of Oz or rubber ducks! Quack! Quack!

Order now on Amazon and add this little bit of mischief to your collection!


Best Elphaba - The Wicked Witch of the West Nutcracker

Kurt Adler OZ6161L 11" Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the West Nutcracker

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Why We Picked It

You don't have to wait for the magic of the holiday season to use this Wicked Witch of the West Nutcracker.

This stunning nutcracker is a perfect blend of artistry and functionality that adds a touch of whimsy and nostalgia to your decor. This nutcracker is an ideal gift for fans of the classic movie based on Frank Baum's children's literature book, as well as those who collect unique and playful decor items.

Crafted with attention to detail, this nutcracker stands 11 inches tall and features the iconic emerald skin, black hat, and broomstick of the Wicked Witch of the West. The nutcracker is made of durable wood ensuring it withstands years of use and retains its quality.

The Wicked Witch Nutcracker is not only a delightful addition to your decor but also a valuable collectible item. Nutcrackers have been a part of Christmas traditions for centuries, and this nutcracker is sure to be a treasured piece that will be passed down through generations.

What sets this nutcracker apart from others is its exquisite design and unparalleled craftsmanship. It's a unique and playful take on a traditional Christmas decoration that will bring joy and personality to any home or office decor.

Order now on Amazon and add a touch of magic to your Christmas decor that will be cherished for years to come.


Best Elphaba Wicked Witch of the West Legs and Ruby Slippers

Wonderful Wizard of Oz 18-Inch Wicked Witch Legs Prop

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Why We Picked It

This 18-Inch Wicked Witch of the East Legs Prop is a fun and unique addition to your Halloween or Oz-themed decor.

These iconic legs are a must-have for any fan of the classic movie or those looking to add a spooky touch to their home.

Crafted with high-quality materials, these legs measure 18 inches long and feature the iconic striped stockings and ruby slippers of the Wicked Witch of the East. The legs are made of durable plastic material that ensures they will withstand years of use and retain their quality.

The Wicked Witch of the East Legs Prop is not only a playful addition to your Halloween decor but also a valuable collectible item. Fans of the movie will appreciate the attention to detail in these legs, which makes them awesome!

What sets this prop apart from others is its versatility and durability. It can be used as a standalone decoration or combined with other Oz-themed decors to create a memorable display. Additionally, its durable construction ensures that it will last for years to come.

Get the Wicked Witch Legs Prop and add a touch of spookiness to your Halloween decor.

Order now on Amazon and own a piece of cinematic history that is sure to impress! You never know when a house might fall on a Wicked Witch!


Best Wicked Witch of the West Bookmark

My Bookmark Store - Handmade Bookmark Ideal Gift For Bookworm and Book Lover Truly Handmade and Crafted with Love Mothers Gift Anniversary Booklovers (Wicked Witch)

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Why We Picked It

This is too cute!

The Wicked Witch of the East Leg Bookmark is a delightful and functional accessory for any bookworm. This whimsical bookmark is crafted with attention to detail and high-quality materials, making it a must-have for any fan of The Wonderful Oz movie.

The Wicked Witch of the East Leg Bookmark is handcrafted and made of durable PVC material that ensures it lasts for years while maintaining its quality. Measuring 7 inches tall, this bookmark features the iconic striped stockings and ruby slippers (magic slippers) of the Wicked Witch, adding a unique touch to your reading experience.

But this bookmark is much more than just a functional accessory. Its playful design adds a touch of whimsy to any book collection, making it perfect for display on shelves or desks. It's a great conversation starter among friends and family who share a love for The World of Oz.

What sets this bookmark apart from others is its unique design and attention to detail. The intricate details on the bookmark make it a true work of art that will be cherished by any fan of the movie. Additionally, its durability ensures that it will be a long-lasting addition to your book collection.

Get this super cute Wicked Witch Leg Bookmark and enjoy a whimsical and functional accessory that celebrates the magic of The Land of Oz.

Order now on Amazon and add a delightful touch to your reading experience!


Best Elphaba Wizard of Oz Bobblehead

Royal Bobbles Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the West Bobblescape Bobblehead, Premium Polyresin Lifelike Figure, Unique Serial Number, Exquisite Detail

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Why We Picked It

Introducing the Royal Bobbles Bobblescape Wicked Witch of the West Bobblehead, a playful and unique collectible for fans of Oz.

This Wicked Witch bobblehead is crafted with attention to detail and high-quality materials, making it a must-have for any collector.

Standing at 8 inches tall, this bobblehead features the iconic green-hued skin, black hat, and broomstick of the Wicked Witch of the West inspired by Margaret Hamilton.

She has a flying monkey with her - but no enchanted golden cap - how will she ever control this one monkey?

The bobblehead is made of durable polyresin material that ensures it withstands years of use and retains its quality. Expertly hand-painted, this bobblehead features intricate designs that make it a true work of art.

The Wicked Witch Bobblehead is not only a delightful addition to your collection but also a valuable collectible item. Fans of the movie will appreciate the attention to detail in this bobblehead, which makes it a true representation of the character played by Margaret Hamilton.

What sets this bobblehead apart from others is its playful design and unparalleled craftsmanship. It's a unique and playful take on a traditional bobblehead that celebrates the iconic character of The Land of Oz.

Get this Wicked Witch Bobblehead and bring home a piece of cinematic history that will be cherished for years to come.

Order now on Amazon and add a touch of whimsy to your collection!


Best Wicked Witch of the West Barbie

Barbie Collector Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the West

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Why We Picked It

Here is the Barbie Collector Wicked Witch Doll, a stunning and collectible item for fans of The Land of Oz and Barbie collectors alike.

This doll is crafted with high-quality materials and attention to detail, making it a must-have for any collector.

The Barbie Collector Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch Doll features the iconic skin color, black hat, and broomstick of the Wicked Witch of the West. The doll is 11.5 inches tall and dressed in a black gown with a high collar, adding an air of mystery to this classic character.

This doll is made of high-quality materials that ensure it maintains its quality for years to come. Its intricate design and expert craftsmanship make it a true work of art that Barbie collectors will appreciate.

It's a unique and playful take on a traditional Barbie doll that celebrates the iconic character of The Wizard of Oz. Fans of the movie and collectors alike will appreciate the value and beauty of this doll.

We wonder who this Wicked Witch doll was modeled after. This Wicked Witch Barbie looks very similar to Rachel Bilson from Hart of Dixie.... hmmmm? Though very similar - Rachel Bilson - you are not a witch! Though if there is ever a Wicked Witch Barbie movie ...

Rachel Bilson Hart of Dixie and Barbie Collector Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch

Invest in the Barbie Collector Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch Doll and bring home a piece of cinematic and toy history that will be cherished for years to come.

Order now on Amazon and add a touch of whimsy to your collection!


Best Wicked Witch of the West Ornament

Hallmark Keepsake Christmas Ornament 2021, The Wizard of Oz Ruby Slippers

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Why We Picked It

And yet another set of legs with Ruby Slippers!

This time it's a Hallmark Keepsake Ornament Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the East Slippers, a delightful and playful addition to your Christmas decor. This ornament is crafted with high-quality materials and attention to detail, making it a must-have for fans of The Wizard of Oz.

The Hallmark Keepsake Ornament Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the East Slippers ornament features the iconic slippers of the Wicked Witch. The ornament is made of durable materials that ensure it withstands years of use and retains its quality.

It's a great conversation starter among friends and family who share a love for The Wizard of Oz.

What sets this ornament apart from others is its intricate design and expert craftsmanship. It's a unique and playful take on traditional Christmas ornaments that celebrates the magic of The Wizard of Oz.

Invest in the Hallmark Keepsake Ornament Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the East Slippers and add a touch of whimsy to your Christmas tree or holiday decor.

Order now on Amazon!


Best LEGO Wicked Witch of the West Fun Pack with Flying Monkey

Warner Bros Store - Wicked Witch of the West - the Wizard of Oz - Fun Pack - LEGO Dimensions

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Why We Picked It

Introducing the Wicked Witch of the West LEGO Dimensions Figure, a playful and collectible item for fans of The Wizard of Oz and LEGO collectors alike.

The Wicked Witch of the West LEGO features the iconic green-colored skin, black hat, and broomstick of the Wicked Witch of the West.

This figure is not only a delightful addition to your collection but also a valuable collectible item. Fans of the movie will appreciate the attention to detail in this figure, which makes it a true representation of the character.

Bring home a piece of cinematic and toy history that will be cherished for years to come.

In the Lego Batman Movie, the Witch only appears briefly as one of the many well-known villains who unite with the Joker to wreak havoc in Gotham City after their release from the Phantom Zone. This version of the Wicked Witch of the West also appeared in the video game “LEGO Dimensions,” - The Lego Batman Movie Phantom Zone.

Order now on Amazon and add a touch of whimsy to your collection!


Best Wicked Witch of the West Frameless Art Print

Lone Star Art Store - Wizard of Oz Art - Wicked Witch of the West - 11x14 Unframed Poster Print - Great Wizard of Oz Gifts, Decor, Vintage Poster Print, Wiccan Supplies & Scary Decorations

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Why We Picked It

This Wizard of Oz Wicked Witch of the West Patent Art Print is a unique and playful addition to your home decor.

The Wicked Witch Art Print features the original patent artwork for the Wicked Witch of the West's costume design for the Wonderful Wizard of Oz based on Frank Baum's masterpiece. The print is made of high-quality paper that ensures it maintains its quality for years to come.

Measuring 11x14 inches, this print adds a touch of whimsy and nostalgia to your home decor. It's a great conversation starter among friends and family who share a love for The Wizard of Oz and a perfect gift for collectors or those who appreciate unique artwork.

Invest in the Wicked Witch of the West Patent Art Print and add a touch of whimsy to your home decor.

Available on Amazon!

Note: it does not come with a frame!


You May Have Some Questions…So, We Have Some Answers

Q. How Many Oz Books Are There?

Frank Baum wrote a book series that starts with The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) and tells the story of the imaginary Land of Oz. The series of full-length books contains fourteen Oz stories.

Q. Who Did the House Fall on in The Wizard of Oz?

Dorothy's house lands and kills the Wicked Witch of the East, who was the sister of the Wicked Witch of the West. This happened after a cyclone lifted the house from Kansas to Oz.

Q. Were the Wicked Witch of the East and the Wicked Witch of the West Sisters?

Yes, they were sisters. The Wicked Witch of the West is still considered to be the highest-ranking female villain of all time.

Mila Kunis as Theodora in Oz the Great and Powerful - Wikipedia

Q. Who is the Wicked Witch of the West?

From Wikipedia:

The Wicked Witch of the West is a fictional character who appears in the classic children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900), created by American author L. Frank Baum (which was the original story). In Baum's subsequent Oz novels (children's stories), it is the Nome King who is the principal villain; the Wicked Witch of the West is rarely even referred to again after her death in the first book.

The witch's most popular depiction was in the classic 1939 film based on Baum's novel, where she was portrayed by Margaret Hamilton. Hamilton's characterization introduced green skin and this has been continued in later literary and dramatic representations, including Gregory Maguire's revisionist Oz novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West (1995) and its musical stage adaptation Wicked (2003), the 2013 film Oz the Great and Powerful, and the television series Once Upon a Time and Salem Styles’ young adult novel WITCH CITY.

Baum's Oz Books

The Wicked Witch of the West is the malevolent ruler of the Winkie Country. Her Witch's castle is described as beautiful instead of being the sinister fortress shown in the film. In all versions, she is aquaphobic. The Wicked Witch of the West was not related to the Wicked Witch of the East, but leagued together with her, the Wicked Witch of the South, and the Wicked Witch of the North to conquer the Land of Oz and divide it among themselves, as recounted in L. Frank Baum's Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz. She shows no interest in the death of the Eastern Witch and all she cares about is obtaining the Silver Slippers which will increase her power. W. W. Denslow's illustrations for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz depict her as a paunched old hag with three pigtails and an eye patch. Baum himself specified that she only had one eye, but that it "was as powerful as a telescope", enabling the witch to see what was happening in her kingdom from her castle windows. Other illustrators, such as Paul Granger, placed her eye in the center of her forehead, as a cyclops. Usually, she is shown wearing an eyepatch; however, some illustrations show her with two eyes.

Most of her power resides in the creatures she controls. She has a pack of 40 great wolves, a flock of 40 crows, a swarm of black bees, and an army of Winkies. She possesses the enchanted Golden Cap, which compels the winged monkeys to obey her on three occasions. First, the witch commanded the creatures to help her enslave the Winkies and to seize control of the western part of the Land of Oz. Second, she made the winged monkeys drive the Oz's army out of the Winkie Country when he attempted to overthrow her.

When Dorothy Gale and her companions Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Cowardly Lion were sent by the Wizard to destroy her, the Witch attacked them with her various creatures. Each of these attempts was thwarted with the Tin Woodman killing the 40 great wolves, Scarecrow killing the 40 crows, the black bees dying upon trying to sting the Tin Woodman, and the armed Winkie slaves being scared off by the Cowardly Lion. The protagonists are eventually subdued by the Witch's third and final permitted use of the winged monkeys. Nevertheless, the old witch cannot kill Dorothy because the girl is protected by the Good Witch of the North's kiss. She, therefore, settles for enslaving Dorothy and tries to force the Cowardly Lion into submission by starving him, though Dorothy sneaks him food. Upon seeing the Silver Slippers on the girl's feet, the Wicked Witch decides to steal them, and thereby acquire even more power.

When she succeeds in acquiring one silver shoe by making Dorothy trip over an invisible bar, the little girl angrily throws a bucket of water onto the Wicked Witch. This causes the old witch to melt away. The Wicked Witch's dryness was enumerated in some clues before this. Furthermore, when Toto had bitten her, she had not bled; her wickedness had dried her up long ago. Unfortunately, L. Frank Baum did not explain precisely why water had this effect on her, nor did he ever imply that all evil witches could be likewise destroyed. However, the wicked Momba the Witch is similarly disposed of in The Lost King of Oz and the wicked witch Singra is clearly afraid of the same fate in the early chapters of The Wicked Witch of Oz.

Personality and characterization

In the film, the Witch is iconic for her green-colored skin, pointed hat, broom, boisterous, dramatic (yet nasty) personality, and cackle; in the books, her personality is somewhat more subtle: she is not as obviously sadistic, she is not as antagonistic to Dorothy and only once she sees Dorothy has intruded on her land, and her appearance is described very differently. In the novel, she also does not carry a broom, but rather an umbrella, which she uses on one occasion to strike Dorothy's dog, Toto. Her nature is a volatile and yet somewhat cowardly one when compared to the film version. Despite her immense power, she avoids face-to-face contact with her enemies and is frightened of Dorothy at first when she sees the girl wearing the Silver Slippers. She is also afraid of the dark in the Frank Baum original story for reasons unknown. For that reason, the Witch never tried to steal the Silver Shoes while Dorothy was sleeping. Despite her fear of water and the dark, the Wicked Witch of the West was one of the most powerful witches in all of Oz. The Wicked Witch of the West used the crystal ball in the film version to track Dorothy and her friends’ as they followed the Yellow Brick Road.

In ensuing Oz books, her power is described as having been so great that even Glinda the Good Witch of the South feared her. She was described as being so cruel that the blood in her body dried up and that when she was struck, she did not bleed. In the novel, she also owns slaves to do her bidding, a characterization which is kept in “The Wiz”, in which she is much more dramatic than in the original film and forces her slaves to refer to her as beautiful. In the 70's version of The hit musical The Wiz, the all – star cast featured, Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, and Mabel King, as Evillene, the new Wicked Witch of the West. This new Wicked Witch of the West was played by Mabel King both on screen and on Broadway.

In dramatic representations

1910 film

The 1910 silent film The Wonderful Wizard of Oz features a character similar to the Wicked Witch of the West, identified in intertitles as "Momba the Witch" (Compare the character Mombi from The Marvelous Land of Oz). In the film, Momba has an unspecified hold over the Wizard, who promises his crown to anyone who can release him from Momba's power. Momba captures Dorothy and her companions, evoking the events in the Frank Baum original novel, and is destroyed when Dorothy throws a bucket of water over her.

1914 film

Mombi's likeness and costume in the 1914 silent film, His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz is based on Denslow's illustrations of the Wicked Witch of the West.

1939 film - Original Movie/Film Version

Margaret Hamilton as the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz (1939). In the 1939 film version of The Wizard of Oz, Margaret Hamilton plays the Wicked Witch of the West as a green-colored witch that was dressed in a long black dress with a black pointy hat. She does not wear an eye-patch as in the novel. This representation of the Wicked Witch has become a standard for what witches resemble and an archetype of human wickedness. While the relationship is not mentioned in Baum's books, in the movie, the Witch is the sister of the Wicked Witch of the East. The movie makes her even more of a primary antagonist, and consequently, she appears in the film much earlier (and more often), than in Baum's original novel. She demands the Munchkins reveal who killed her sister, not long after Dorothy's arrival in Oz. She is described by Glinda the Good Witch of the North, not the South as in the book, as "worse than the other one". She actively seeks revenge against Dorothy for killing her sister, even though it was "accidental". However, as soon as the Witch is reminded of the ruby red slippers, all interest in her sister's death vanishes and all she cares about is obtaining her slippers, which will enable her to conquer Oz. She is more menacing than her literary counterpart, making Dorothy too afraid to ever lose her temper with the Witch. She makes sure that Dorothy knows her power when Dorothy meets the Scarecrow by throwing a ball of fire at them. Before Dorothy and her friends get to the city, the Witch casts a sleeping spell over a field of poppies through which the group must pass. Glinda remotely counteracts the spell with snowfall. The Wicked Witch then flies on her broom over the Emerald City, demanding that the citizens of the Emerald City surrender Dorothy to her, and the Wizard demands the destruction of the Witch, with her broom as proof, in exchange for granting the wishes of Dorothy and her companions. Unlike the original depiction by Frank Baum, the Wicked Witch sends the Winged Monkeys as the first wave of attack. The enchanted Golden Cap is not mentioned but, after the failure of her poppy spell, the Witch does hold and then angrily cast away a costume piece that could be considered the cap (It greatly resembles the Cap as depicted in W. W. Denslow's original illustrations for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz) and was mentioned as her "wishing cap" in the original shooting script. She is killed when Dorothy throws a bucket of water on her, in an attempt to put out a fire the witch bestowed on the Scarecrow. In the novel, Dorothy simply throws it on her in a fit of anger. There is no prior mention of the Wicked Witch's vulnerability to water in the movie, save for a split-second before the water actually douses her when she screams "Don't throw that water!" (this line does not appear in the film's shooting script). After the Wicked Witch of the West is dead, her soldiers are glad to be free of her immense power, and quote "Hail to Dorothy! The Wicked Witch is dead!" The character ranks No. 4 in the American Film Institute's list of the 50 Best Movie Villains of All Time alongside Darth Vader, Norman Bates, and Hannibal Lecter, making her the highest-ranking female villain, as well as placing 90th on Empire magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.

Hamilton's other role in this film is the Witch's Kansas sepia tone counterpart, Miss Almira Gulch, newly created for the film by screenwriter Noel Langley. She is a socialite who owns half the county. She arrives on her bicycle at the farm and says to Uncle Henry: "Mr. Gale! I'd like to speak with you and your wife right away about Dorothy!" Dorothy's dog, Toto, has bitten her leg, and she wants to take him to the sheriff and make sure he's destroyed. Dorothy calls her "a wicked old witch." Miss Gulch takes Toto away in her basket, but he escapes. In the tornado scene, Dorothy sees Miss Gulch on her bicycle transform into a Wicked Witch, flying on her broom.

Gale Sondergaard was originally cast as the Wicked Witch of the West, but withdrew from the role when the witch's persona shifted from sly and glamorous (thought to emulate the (original witch) the Evil Queen in Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs) to the familiar "ugly hag"

Hamilton's other appearances (including on Sesame Street)

On a 1976 episode of the American children's TV show Sesame Street, the Witch, once again played by Hamilton, drops her broom and falls onto the street. Big Bird and a Sesame Street resident, David, have the broom and refuse to give it back because of her nasty and disrespectful attitude (Oscar the Grouch is the only Sesame Street resident who finds her pleasant; he even develops a crush on her). Enraged, the Wicked Witch threatens to turn them into a feather duster and a basketball, respectively, unless they comply with her wishes; she also makes it rain inside of Mr. Hooper’s store as an intimidation tactic. Realizing that threats and intimidation have failed to yield the desired result, she resorts to trickery, disguising herself as a sweet old lady in an effort to steal the broom back. David turns the tables on her by willingly giving it back after talking her into asking for it politely and with respect. Unfortunately, she does not learn the lesson about being nice and heads home on discourteous terms with the locals (except, perhaps, for Big Bird, who says he will miss her because the events of the episode were an exciting change). The Wicked Witch accidentally drops the broom again while showing off on her flight home, and David, again in possession of it, laments his prediction that the whole ordeal will now repeat itself.

This episode received a very negative reception. After it was aired, the Children’s Television Workshop (CTW) and series creators Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett received numerous letters from parents, who complained that the Wicked Witch was too scary for their children, using phrases such as "screams and tears" and "the threat of the witch's power remains in children's eyes." As a result of these complaints, Anna Herera, of the CTW Research Department, told the creators of Sesame Street to not re-air the episode. The episode was considered lost but was leaked anonymously on June 18, 2022.

The Museum of the Moving Image in New York City screened part of the Wicked Witch episode on November 24, 2019, as part of a "Lost and Found" event that celebrated the 50th anniversary of Sesame Street. It was accompanied by many other clips, including the unaired episode "Snuffy's Parents Get a Divorce", along with a discussion panel with Jim Henson Legacy president Craig Shemin, former Sesame Street head writer Norman Stiles, and Sesame Workshop's Rosemarie Truglio.

Hamilton also played the Wicked Witch of the West in The Paul Lynde Halloween Special (1976), and reprised her role several times on stage, most notably at the St. Louis Municipal Opera.

Hamilton also appeared, not as different characters but as herself, on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood three times between 1975 and 1976. In these appearances, she demonstrated how her costume and acting skills made her appear to be the Witch, and assured her young viewers that there was nothing about her to be feared because her portrayal in the film was only make-believe.

Wicked - Broadway Musical

The story line of the stage adaptation "goes far afield" from the 1995 novel. As Winnie Holzman observed in an interview with Playbill, "It was [Maguire's] brilliant idea to take this hated figure and tell things from her point of view, and to have the two witches be roommates in college, but the way in which their friendship develops – and really the whole plot – is different onstage." Schwartz justified the deviation, saying "Primarily we were interested in the relationship between Galinda – who becomes Glinda – and Elphaba...the friendship of these two women and how their characters lead them to completely different destinies." In addition to this change in focus, other major plot modifications include Fiyero's appearance as the scarecrow, Elphaba's survival at the end, Nessarose using a wheelchair instead of being born without arms, Boq having a continuing love interest for Glinda – and eventually becoming the Tin Man instead of Nick Chopper, the complete cutting of Elphaba's years in the Vinkus, the deletion of Liir's birth, Fiyero not having a wife and children, and Doctor Dillamond not being murdered.

Oz the Great and Powerful

Mila Kunis portrays the Wicked Witch of the West, who is named Theodora, in the 2013 Disney film Oz the Great and Powerful. In this version, Mila Kunis is portrayed as a 'good witch' and as the younger sister of Evanora (Rachel Weisz), who is at war with Glinda (Michelle Williams) for control of Oz; Theodora wants nothing more than for peace to come back to their land. She falls in love with Oscar Diggs (James Franco), but her feelings for him are one-sided; Theodora wants to be Oscar's queen when he rules Oz. After Oscar Diggs goes to meet with Glinda, Evanora convinces Theodora that Oscar had betrayed her, offering her a magic apple that will help Theodora forget her disappointment. Theodora immediately takes a bite from it, but she realizes too late that Evanora had deceived her. Before Theodora can do anything, she starts feeling great pain and delirium, as the apple, tainted with dark magic causes her heart to wither. Her skin turns green as a side effect of the magic, while her nose becomes crooked due to her falling on it. Though Evanora offers to cover up Theodora's new appearance with an enchantment, Theodora embraces her new appearance and helps her sister attempt to kill Glinda, get revenge on Oscar, and take control of Oz. However, she and Evanora are defeated by Oscar's illusions. Theodora is forced to flee the city on her broom, but she threatens to return. Oscar tells her he knows her wickedness isn't her doing and, if she ever finds the goodness within her, she is welcome to return. However, she refuses and flies off to the West (at this point now officially beginning her reign as The Wicked Witch of The West), vowing revenge.

Once Upon a Time (extended version on Wikipedia)

The Wicked Witch appears as the primary antagonist of the second half of the third season of Once Upon a Time, played by Rebecca Mader. This version goes by the name of Zelena (which means "green" in some Slavic languages). Zelena is discovered to be the daughter of the Cora, the Queen of Hearts (Barbara Hershey/Rose McGowan), making her the older, long-lost half-sister of Regina the Evil Queen (Lana Parrilla).

On Zelena's return to Oz, she confronts Dorothy, who is currently in possession of the silver slippers which can transport her to any realm. She holds Dorothy's dog, Toto, hostage in exchange for the shoes. Dorothy tries to knock Zelena out with poppy powder, but before she does, Zelena puts her under a sleeping curse. Now in possession of the silver slippers, she goes back to Storybrooke and assumes the form of the Blue Fairy to trick Belle into giving her back her daughter, who is residing at the convent with the fairies. During their conversation, a portal to the Underworld appears and Belle, holding the baby, goes through it. In a desperate attempt not to lose her daughter again, Zelena jumps through it. However, due to a sprained ankle and her diminished magic in the Underworld, Zelena is helpless as Belle runs away with her daughter. Regina reunites with Zelena in the underworld where it is revealed that Zelena and Hades have a romantic history. The sisters eventually become close as she tries to change for her daughter. She shares True Love's Kiss with Hades, which allows him to go to Storybrooke and the two go together with the baby as she believes Hades has changed. However, Hades kills Robin Hood, proving his evil to Zelena who kills him with the Olympian Crystal. She names the baby Robin after her father.

Dorothy and the Witches of Oz

Dorothy and the Witches of Oz is a 2012 film directed by Leigh Scott, based on the early 20th century Oz Books The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Ozma of Oz, The Road to Oz and The Magic of Oz by L. Frank Baum. The primary antagonist in the miniseries "Dorothy and the Witches of Oz," also known as "The Witches of Oz," is a character named Billie Westbrook. She is portrayed by Eliza Swenson and plays the Wicked Witch of the West.

Emerald City

The Witch of the West appears as one of the main characters in the television series Emerald City, portrayed by Ana Ularu. Here she is one of the last Cardinal Witches of Oz and the "Mistress of the Western Fields, Vessel of Truth and Solace", along with her sisters Glinda of the North and the Witch of the East. West seemingly obeys the Wizard's law against magic, and very unlike the original children's book owns a brothel in the Emerald City, and is a poppy opium addict, deteriorating her magical skill. She is very emotional, especially when compared to the reserved behavior of Glinda. Despite claiming to hate magic because it could not save her mother and sister witches during the Beast Forever's last attack, she resorts to it quickly when in pursuit of Dorothy after she accidentally killed East.

About Winged Monkeys/Flying Monkeys

Winged monkeys (aka Flying Monkeys) are fictional characters that first appeared in the 1900 children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by American author L. Frank Baum. They are described as jungle monkeys with bird-like feathered wings. They are playful, intelligent, and speak English. The flying monkeys are initially under the control of the Wicked Witch of the West, by the use of an enchanted golden cap but are later controlled by the protagonist, Dorothy Gale. They lift up Dorothy and fly her to two distant locations.

Winged monkeys next appeared in the 1939 musical film adaption of the novel, The Wizard of Oz. In the film, they have a much smaller role than in the book. The Wicked Witch does not wear the enchanted golden cap, the flying monkeys do not speak, and they fly out of the castle windows. After 1939, similar flying monkeys appeared in numerous books, films, computer games, and other popular media.

Based on the description in the original book, the related term flying monkeys has been adopted in psychology, where it refers to someone who performs enabling work on behalf of an abusive person.


And That's It!

We hope you enjoyed this listicle about Elphaba, the Wicked Witch of the West.

Thanks for reading and Happy Shopping!


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